The microbial cells that colonize the human body outnumber human cells by an order of magnitude. Recent advances in high throughput sequencing technologies have unveiled great variability in the ecological communities of microbes that inhabit the human body, and shifts in the species composition have been associated with multiple chronic conditions, such as diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, and obesity. Although the human microbiome is influenced by environmental factors, microbial communities also interact with human cells through the immune system and metabolic pathways.
We study host genomic factors that control and interact with the microbiome. We utilize high-throughput genomics technologies and employ computational, statistical, network-theory, data mining, and population genetic analytical approaches, with the goal of understanding how we interact with our microbial communities, how host-microbe interactions affect human disease, and how the symbiosis between us and our microbiome evolved.
Our research is driven by the following questions:
1. What are the molecular and genetic mechanisms controlling host-bacteria interactions? Which genes and pathways are involved in both the host and microbiome side?
2. How does host genetic variation control interactions with our microbiome? What are the effects of different environments and genetic backgrounds across human populations?
3. How did the complex symbiosis between us and our microbiome evolve throughout human history? Can we identify signatures of coevolution in human and microbial genomes?
4. How do host-microbiome interactions control susceptibility to complex disease? What are the unique roles of host genetics, bacterial communities, and environmental exposures?
- Beth Archie (University of Notre Dame)
- Luis Barreiro (University of Montreal)
- Omer Gokcumen (University at Buffalo)
- Andres Gomez (University at Minnesota)
- Khash Khazaie (Mayo Clinic)
- Alexander Khoruts (University of Minnesota)
- Dan Knights (University of Minnesota)
- Sonia Kupfer (University of Chicago)
- Francesca Luca (Wayne State University)
- Roger Pique-Regi (Wayne State University)
- Mike Sadowsky (University of Minnesota)
- Laure Ségurel (CNRS)
- Tim Starr (University of Minnesota)
- Subree Subramanian (University of Minnesota)
- Jenny Tung (Duke University)
We are grateful to the following organizations for their generous support of our research: